Vodka occupies the bottom lines of the calorie rating of alcoholic beverages, and its nutritional value is close to zero. But this does not mean that the drink is suitable for those who are struggling with excess weight. With increased caution, it is necessary to treat vodka for people who, for health reasons, are forced to plan a diet taking into account the glycemic index.
Calorie content of vodka
Vodka is a distillation alcohol diluted with water to the desired strength. There are no proteins and fats in the drink, but the composition contains a small amount of carbohydrates – no more than 0.4 g per 100 ml of product. This feature is due to the fact that the basis for production is agricultural crops – wheat, rye, potatoes or corn. During the distillation process, the raw materials lose their nutritional value, but a small part of the carbohydrates remains. It is also important that manufacturers often improve the taste of the drink with the help of sugar syrup, honey, aromatic additives.
The calorie content of vodka may vary depending on the variety. The average value is 235 kcal per 100 g. The indicator is not high when comparing the drink with dessert wines and sweet liqueurs. For example, the nutritional value of creamy Bailey’s is already 327 kcal. Nevertheless, in terms of calorie content, vodka is close to pork meat, which has an average energy value of 260 kcal per 100 g.
Alcohol affects the breakdown of fat in the body. Metabolism takes place in the liver, which converts the supplied nutrients into energy necessary for vital functions. In the case of vodka, the protective function comes to the fore – the cells break down ethanol, trying to quickly remove it from the body. As a result, fat metabolism is inhibited, which contributes to weight gain.
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition conducted research on the effects of alcohol on fat metabolism. The experiment involved 8 men who drank two portions of alcohol with an interval of half an hour, all this time, measurements of the intensity of fat metabolism were made. The results showed that only 100 g of strong alcohol is capable of inhibiting the metabolism of fats in the liver by 78%.
Another danger of alcoholic beverages is that they are consumed in addition to the daily diet. Ethanol acts on the brain, activating food centers and removing psychological restrictions. Therefore, at the festive table, there is a great danger of going beyond the usual rate of calorie intake, which is not reflected in the best way on the figure.
Glycemic index of vodka
With diabetes and some types of diets, the glycemic index (GI) is taken into account – an indicator that determines the ability of foods to change blood sugar levels. Despite the fact that the GI of vodka is zero, ethanol causes severe fluctuations in glucose levels, which can be dangerous in endocrine diseases.
The liver cells occupied with alcohol neutralization cease to function normally. As a result, glycogen production is inhibited, and blood sugar levels plummet. This situation is fraught with the development of a hypoglycemic crisis. The problem is aggravated by the fact that with diabetes, the patient additionally takes drugs that lower glucose levels.
If the meal is accompanied by a plentiful snack with a high carbohydrate content, the opposite process is possible – hyperglycemia, leading to coma. For this reason, diabetic patients need to be very careful to drink vodka or even refuse it altogether.
Is it possible to get fat from vodka
Drinking spirits without a snack will not lead to weight gain. During the breakdown of alcohol, energy is released, sufficient for the functioning of the body. Therefore, dependence on alcohol in the late stages of alcoholism causes a decrease in body weight, since as a result of the destructive effect of ethanol on the internal organs, a person also loses his sense of appetite.
Vodka has fewer calories than other alcoholic beverages, so the main danger for the figure is a plentiful snack. To stay on top of your diet during the holidays, do not mix the strong drink with sugary fruit juices and lemonades.
Low Calorie Shake Supplements:
- lime or lemon;
- diluted cranberry juice;
- tea with ice;
- mineral water with mint and stevia.
The best helper in the fight against excess weight is moderation. If you’re on a diet, treat vodka like a piece of cake or ice cream and only consume the drink in exceptional cases.